Frederick G. Kilgour
Fred Kilgour (1914-2006), a librarian and information scientist, created the OCLC (Online Computer Library Center, nee Ohio College Library Center), the “largest research and library services enterprise in the world,” accessible via WorldCat. [more]
Books and articles
His writing on library automation and book publishing had a great influence on my own outlook and ideas.
Most important is his book, The Evolution of the Book (Oxford University Press 1998). Fantastic history of the book with ideas for the future.